Windows 10 Upgrade Change

locked-computer-cartoonMicrosoft has changed their position on encouraging users of the old Windows 7 and 8 to upgrade to the Windows 10 platform. Windows 10 will effectively be the “last” Windows as there will not be replacements, rather merely updates and upgrades as in Linux.

As such, those who miss this opportunity to upgrade will eventually end up paying money to buy Windows 10 Readmore..


locked-computer-cartoonIn an ideal world, all people would be informed, intelligent, and there would be no sociopaths. But in reality computer users are not normally technically adept: to them their computer is just a thing they use to get work done or for entertainment, and they treat it like a radio, television, or coffee maker. In a real work environment, until something really bad happens, people use Windows XP ten years after Microsoft stopped supporting it, never apply updates as ‘they are too annoying’ and ‘people are busy’, and they click on everything just to see what happens. Readmore..

Anyone see a way to improve this?

// inputs are form $_POST[] variables login and password

// relevant table columns are id,login,password,and sometimes key_chain
 // id is integer, the rest char with password being a hash 
 // the output success/fail flag is $id is set upon success, unset if failed

 //Check Keys Table for this Login
 if(isset($staff)) $sql = "SELECT `id`,`password`,`key_chain`"; else $sql = "SELECT `id`,`password`";
 $x = mysqli_real_escape_string($my_db_link,strtolower(trim($_POST['login'])));
 $sql .= " FROM `keys` WHERE `login`='$x';"; 
 $result = mysqli_query($my_db_link,$sql) or die(mysqli_error($my_db_link));

 // is there a matching login in the table?
 if (mysqli_num_rows($result)>=1) {
 //matching login found
 $row = mysqli_fetch_array($result);
 $id = $row['id'];
 $password = $row['password'];
 if(isset($staff)) $key_chain = $row['key_chain']; //text string to determine user's privilege

 //if password is null, then it is not set yet, so set it
 if( (!isset($password)) OR (strlen(trim($password))<60) ){ //min hash length is 60

 // set the password
 $x = password_hash(mysqli_real_escape_string($my_db_link,strtolower(trim($_POST['password']))), PASSWORD_DEFAULT);
 $sql = "UPDATE `keys` SET `password`='$x' WHERE `id`='$id' LIMIT 1;";
 mysqli_query($my_db_link,$sql) or die(mysqli_error($my_db_link));

 //if password not null, then test it
 } elseif (!password_verify( mysqli_real_escape_string($my_db_link,strtolower(trim($_POST['password']))),$password)) {
 // bad login -- wrong password

 }//if(isset($id) AND

 }//if (mysqli_num_rows($result)>=1) {

Tax-Free: settlements for wrongful incarceration

WASHINGTON — The Internal Revenue Service today released guidelines on how wrongfully-incarcerated taxpayers can take advantage of the new retroactive exclusion from income for any civil damages, restitution or other monetary award received in connection with their incarceration.

The guidelines are contained in a set of frequently-asked questions, posted today on According to the FAQs, taxpayers who in the past received payments related to their wrongful incarceration and included those payments in taxable income can now file a refund claim for any income tax paid. To do this, eligible taxpayers must file Form 1040X for each year these payments were reported and write “Incarceration Exclusion PATH Act” at the top of each Form 1040X they submit.