Obligatory photo of shop kittie inspecting transformers while I try to get work done.
Some taxes, such as Sales Tax and State Unemployment Tax were not included. They might be added later. If you were to live in Texas, there would not be a State Income tax; if you lived in Alaska the State would pay you instead of you paying State Income Tax; if you were living in California or New York, the State Income Tax might be a bit higher (8-9%).
Example cases comparing taxes on general laborer wages and engineering wages
$36,000 / year
Comes out of your payroll and is shown on your pay stub
Federal Income Tax – $0->$983 (see note below)
Federal Income Tax – $983->$2,600 (10%)
Federal Income Tax – $2,600->$7,563 (12%)
Federal Income Tax – $7,563->$15,017 (22%)
Federal Income Tax – $15,017->$27,771 (24%)
Federal Income Tax – $27,771-.$35,000 (32%)
Federal Income Tax – $35,000->$52,013 (35%)
Federal Income Tax – $52,013 and up (37%)
Indiana State Income Tax (3.23%)
Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) on paystub
MEDICARE Tax on paystub
Additional Medicare Tax on paystub
Total taxes you are told about on your pay stub
Amount you were told you would be paid
Amount you were really paid
Percent of promised amount you were really paid
Comes out of your payroll money without your knowing
Federal Unemployment Tax
Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) (yes, again)
MEDICARE Tax (yes, again)
Total Taxes You were not told about
Amount you would have been paid without the hidden taxes
NOTES: Federal Income Tax is charged based upon how much money is made, not a flat percentage for everyone. Those who earn more money pay ever increasing percentages as Federal Income Tax. The brackets shown here are from Pub 15, page 46, Table 4 MONTHLY Payroll Period.
This just in via email from IRS Newswire <firstname.lastname@example.org>:
Issue Number: IR-2019-02
Changes strengthen program
Free File can also help navigate new tax law provisions
WASHINGTON — An improved version of IRS Free File begins its 17th filing season today as a dozen private-sector partners offer their brand-name products to help eligible taxpayers navigate the new tax reform law and electronically prepare their tax returns.
The free online software program, accessible only through IRS.gov FreeFile, is available for taxpayers to use in advance of the start of the filing season on Jan. 28.
Who can use Free File
Any individual or family whose adjusted gross income for 2018 was $66,000 or less can find at least one Free File software product they can use. Often, taxpayers are eligible for multiple products. The income limitation means that 100 million taxpayers – 70 percent – are eligible to use Free File.
Workers, families with children, first-time filers and seniors who meet the income criteria are all eligible for Free File. The software supports all the new tax law changes as well as long-time benefits such as the Earned Income Tax Credit. While most products have a set of eligibility requirements, 10 Free File partners have a special offer for active duty military personnel by making their sole eligibility criteria an income of $66,000 or less.
IRS Free File is all that’s needed for residents of Alaska, Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas, Washington and Wyoming where there is no state income tax. Some Free File partners offer free federal and free state return preparation. And some states have their own Free File program.
Spreadsheet to estimate 2013 US Federal Income Tax withholding based upon IRS Notice 1036. For tax advice consult a tax professional. All use is strictly AS IS with no warranties implied or expressed. Creative Commons Share-alike license.
The tables were apparently based upon the annual table. Bi-Weekly tables are the annual tables divide by 26 and rounded to whole numbers. The Daily table is the Annual table divided by 260 and rounded to one decimal. Each row designates one “tax bracket”. For each higher bracket, taxpayer is charged the tax for the next lower bracket and then taxed upon their income within their own bracket: they do not appear to be taxed on all the lower brackets, only the bracket immediately below their own.
Social Security and Medicare Tax for 2013
The employee tax rate for social security is 6.2%. Previously, the employee tax rate for social security was 4.2%. The employer tax rate for social security remains unchanged at 6.2%. The social security wage base limit is $113,700. The Medicare tax rate is 1.45% each for the employee and employer, unchanged from 2012. There is no wage base limit for Medicare tax. Employers should implement the 6.2% employee social security tax rate as soon as possible, but not later than February 15, 2013. After implementing the new 6.2% rate, employers should make an adjustment in a subsequent pay period to correct any underwithholding of social security tax as soon as possible, but not later than March 31, 2013. http://www.irs.gov/uac/Notice-1036,-Early-Release-Copies-of–the-Yearly-Percentage-Method-Tables-for-Income-Tax-Withholding
Tax time is fast approaching. There is info on how to file US and State taxes for free, without buying any tax software at all just a bit further down this page.
We used the Intuit TurboTax and Quicken products basically since their creation but a few years ago we ran into what we considered irreconcilable differences(Note 1) and had to fire Intuit. Since that time we have purchased the new H&R Block Tax Cut software each year.
H&R Block changed the product name this year to H&R Block At Home. It comes in several versions, Basic, Deluxe, and Premium. We priced the product on H&R Block’s web site, via a CD H&R Block mails to their past customers to recapture their business for this year, and through web sites for three large office supply chains: Office Depot, Staples, and Wal-Mart.
If your taxes are pretty ordinary (no special business forms or such) then just go to Wal-Mart and buy the $15 ‘Basic’ package. OR skip buying software at all and just use the Free IRS web site.
The benefit of buying the software is the additional safety of having someone besides Big Brother look over your taxes as you work on them and then tell you what to change *before* you file it, the ability to start your taxes on your notebook right away and come back later to finish, for example if you still need some information that is missing when you start, and also the ability to print nice copies of your tax return for all those situations that demand them through the year: your return stays on your computer so you just start the program and click print. If you like the program and buy another one next year, then your work from this year should be automagically sucked into next year’s program for you, so you can skip some typing (such your name, address, ssn, and how much your refund was for 2009).
We looked at the prices (to nearest whole dollar) in each case, and the results are as follows:
H&R Block Web Site
Office Depot advertised the Deluxe without (w/o) State but they were sold out (obviously people know they don’t need State in Indiana because they can file for free on the IN.GOV web site). Why Office Depot is stocking Deluxe with State in Indiana is beyond me. Maybe they are just hoping people will not know about filing for free on IN.GOV and buy the State anyway.
If your income is less than $57,000 you can probably copy the resulting forms right onto the http://www.irs.gov/ on the IRS “FreeFile”, which I think is about everyone. If you actually snookered more than $57,000 last year you can still use e-File on the IRS site. OOOHHHH and remember Adult Life Training has been doing wonderful work helping displaced older workers update their job skills and so they can get re-employed and reduce your tax burden for this year. Send your tax deductible donation to Adult Life Training, c/o Abundant Life, 3301 East Coliseum Blvd, Fort Wayne, IN 46805 or click the button at top left of their page to Donate with PayPal. (end of shameless promotion of my charity)
If you use Free File or E-File the refund should be in your bank account in 10 days or less. Ditto for the Indiana Personal Income taxes — just copy a few numbers onto the IN.GOV tax form, without paying big ‘electronic filing’ fees to some corporation. There might be a filing fee of say $2, Indiana tends to do stuff like that.
Prices are shown to the nearest dollar. We ended up buying at Office Depot. We wanted the package without the State capacity because Indiana provides free income tax filing to their citizens via their IN.GOV web site — no eFiling fee, no extra charge for preparation, no third party collecting your financial data and then forwarding it to Indiana for you: we just type the numbers from our federal form onto Indiana’s web form and file. We like that.
Photo H&R Block At Home Premium
As it turns out, the Office Depot folks explained that I needed the Premium version because the Deluxe version will not let you fill in a Schedule A or C. This seems like a rather unexpected limitation — a call later to H&R Block busted this claim: Deluxe will do the Forms A, C, and many others.
H&R BLOCK At Home Premium Package contents
The prices for Intuit started at $24.95 and went up to $129.95. I felt that their web site was also a bit confusing because they advertised “Start for Free” but they didn’t really describe when they get my money or how much of it they expect to get in a way that I felt was obvious — money details should be on the first screen. Apparently Intuit’s Home and Business (compares to Block’s Premium) is $74.95 PLUS $36.95 more if you want the State too.
Guess H&R Block is the competitor this year.
The competition considered, $50 for H&R Block At Home Premium (their Home & Small Business version) isn’t so bad, even if I would have liked to escape paying for the State that I did not need or want. In H&R Block’s defense, they do include five (5) eFiles with that package, except there is only one of me so you go figure. Maybe 4 more people would like to eFile their Federal Return with my tax package. Hmmmm. Wonder if I could soak ’em each for say, $12.50?
Our test system is a VMWare virtual machine (VM) with dual core CPU and 4 gig of RAM running Windows 7 Ultimate. We copied our data from last year into the VM and let Windows 7 update itself before we began. We converted the CD to an .iso to serve the VM as a CD for the install. Installation was straight forward with nothing to see: we started the CD and clicked seven times. Done. Maybe 2 minutes total.
Operation of the software is straight forward. You just follow the screens and type in the numbers it requests. The software will ask you questions to discover which forms to use to your best advantage, then finally it will test your return to be sure there is nothing in it to trigger an audit and send it electronically to IRS. To make extra copies later you just start the program again and click print.
1. For years we used the Intuit Turbo Tax, and then a few years ago we black listed Intuit over what we felt were several ethical and security issues: we do not like their installation of the “Content Guard” copyright protection software on our computers because we had very bad experience using it with Zinio some years ago (it kept forgetting we were allowed to use our subscriptions, which we simply cannot afford to have happen with our financial data), and we had a major dispute with Intuit over their demand that we pay them $200 every year to buy the same information contained in the (free) IRS Circular E, even though we prefer to do our own payroll and their QuickBooks product represented that as one of three ways we could use our copy of QuickBooks to do our payroll.
Intuit literally told me that business persons are not capable of typing in the three or four numbers from the Circular E, so it is in our best interest that they force us to pay them to do it for us instead, and to enforce that position by deleting all our payroll multipliers (withholding rate, etc) every time we try to run payroll. We had been buying their new version of Turbo Tax and the accompanying consumer accounting software Quicken for more than a decade — from Quicken version 2.0 on up.
So that is how we started using an alternative tax preparation software, Tax Cut by H&R Block. Not that it was all that different to use: H&R Block simply seems to understand that their customers do not want their financial secrets potentially compromised by malfunctioning ‘copy protection’ software and so far as I have detected, they have not followed in Intuit’s steps to so disrespect their paying customers.
Note: this article is the writers personal opinion. It is based upon almost 40 years of experience in small computers and communications, but it is still an opinion.It is presented AS IS. All use is at your own risk.